Do you remember the first time you heard about someone’s ghostly encounter?
Not just someone on TV, but a friend or family member.
I was 14, and after my friend thrilled me with his personal encounter
with a ghost, he asked me, his voice trembling slightly, “Do you believe in
ghosts? Are ghosts real? What causes a ghost?”
I must have stared at him for 10 minutes as my brain worked overtime
to come up with an intelligent response. But the only answer I could
muster up was “I don’t know.”
It turns out that my response, at age 14, is very similar to what the
majority of mainstream scientists and researchers would say today.
My friend’s questions have bothered me for more than 20 years, and
I have actively sought the answers through education and interviews with
those who report interacting with a ghost. While looking for the answers,
I noticed similarities among ghostly encounters, which ultimately led to
developing new theories to explain ghosts and ghostly experiences presented
in this book. I haven’t investigated hundreds of haunted locations, nor do I own a
vest with hundreds of pockets. I never understood why ghost hunters on
TV always have those vests. I do not dress in all black. I don’t claim to
have psychic talents. And I’m not part of a paranormal investigation team.
What I am is extremely fascinated with reports of ghostly encounters. My
passion has led to countless hours combing through the paranormal literature
and speaking with people who report ghostly encounters. When
someone is recalling their ghostly experience, their whole persona changes.You can physically see the rush of emotion and excitement on their faces.
The people around them change as well. From staunch skeptics to steadfast
believers, their ears will perk up and their eyes will widen when someone
is recalling a ghostly encounter. Everyone is fascinated with ghosts.
Let me tell you a little about myself. I’m a clinical therapist and parapsychologist
residing in Northeast Ohio. I’ve worked within the Neurological
Institute for the world-renowned Cleveland Clinic, conducting behavioral
health consultations. Currently, I’m the director of behavioral health for a
local hospital. I’ve been fascinated by paranormal phenomena for 20 years,
and have been a participant and featured speaker in numerous paranormal
forums and events including the Parapsychological Association’s 60th
Anniversary Celebration. I studied psychology and parapsychology at the
University of Edinburgh in Scotland, and my research has been cited in
parapsychological journals, newspaper articles, and mainstream books. I present my background to communicate that I have experience with
assessing hallucinations brought on by mental illness or drug abuse, and
in my opinion, the ghostly encounters that a majority of the millions of
people have reported are definitely not the results of mental illness or substance
abuse. Upon hearing of someone’s ghostly experience, skeptics are
quick to proclaim “They are crazy,” or “You must have been imagining
things,” statements that question the witness’s mental stability. This is an
uneducated and irresponsible way to respond to someone who reports a
ghostly experience, but unfortunately it is far too common.
With ghosts and hauntings, although an individual’s experience is
unique to them, overall there are some key similarities among all ghostly
interactions. Through the years, I started to really listen to people’s paranormal
experiences and certain similarities caught my attention and led
me to write this book.
A true apparitional or ghostly experience happens on rare occasions
and is only possible when several factors line up. These factors include
psychological, environmental, and bioenergetic fluctuations. Much time
and research has been spent on whether people’s ghostly experiences are
of a natural or spiritual origin, which has simply led to scattered results.
Looking for a single cause for a haunting or ghostly experience may be too
simplistic. For such complicated phenomena, it is likely to be a combination
of several theories or mechanisms.
In The Ghost Studies, we will explore popular theories on ghosts, discuss
the role of energy and electricity during ghostly encounters, and finally,
through real-life case examples, explore my theories on the processes that
are necessary for apparitions, ghostly experiences, and hauntings. By the end of it, we will
have provided answers to questions such as:
What causes ghostly experiences?
What is the catalyst to witnessing a ghost?
Why do certain people report numerous ghostly encounters
and others none?
What leads to certain locations being haunted?
If you are looking for more than ghost stories, and want to know what
causes ghostly encounters, The Ghost Studies is for you.
Brandon Massullo is a clinical therapist and parapsychologist residing in Medina, Ohio. Fascinated by paranormal phenomena for more than 20 years, Massullo has been a participant in and featured speaker at numerous paranormal forums and events. He studied psychology and parapsychology at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. His research has been cited in numerous parapsychological journals, articles, and mainstream books.