Monday, December 6, 2010

Science was Wrong - an Interview with the Authors

Science Was Wrong is a new title that we released earlier this year before the blog was created. We thought we’d share with you some information about the book through an interview with the two authors involved in the project – Kathleen Marden and Stanton T. Friedman

Science Was Wrong is a fascinating collection of stories about the pioneers who created or thought up the “impossible” cures, theories, and inventions “they” said couldn’t work. How many have suffered or died because cures weren’t accepted? How many inventions have been quashed? How much progress was delayed or denied? You will end up shaking your head in disbelief and even disgust as you learn the answers.

NEW PAGE: Your book is titled Science Was Wrong. Yet it is obvious that both of you hold the scientific community in very high esteem. Was science wrong or was it related more to personal bias on the part of some scientists?

KATHLEEN MARDEN: Science Was Wrong informs readers that throughout history it has been difficult, if not impossible, to promote the acceptance of new discoveries. Today it is apparent that similar forces are engaging in ad hominem attacks against some leading edge scientists, disseminating fabrications and misrepresenting factual information. Each chapter in our book explores the causative factors behind the scientific bias and tunnel vision that have impeded scientific progress. We present example after example of the failure of science to make progress, not because the science was flawed, but as a result of human bias.

NEW PAGE: Why do you think it is so difficult to advance new sound scientific ideas and discoveries?

KATHLEEN MARDEN: I think that there are several reasons. First, scientific methodology is naturally conservative and in a sense this is good. But it is extremely difficult for some scientists to accept new ideas. Imagine that you are a an academic scientist who has spent your entire career as the proponent of a particular theory only to have a young upstart come along with conclusive evidence that effectively refuted and therefore nullified everything you had accomplished.

We must also take into account Occams Razor, the theoretical construct that demands that scientists accept the simplest possible theoretical explanation for existing data. Science tends to prefer the simplest explanation that is consistent with the data available at a given time, but history shows that these simplest explanations often give way to more complex explanations as new data become available. Most of the time, Occam’s razor is a conservative tool that assures hypotheses are grounded in the science of the day. However, it has not been useful to science in its failure to accept some scientific evidence such as meteorites, continental drift, and the idea that genetic information is carried in DNA, not proteins. This also applies to telepathy and UFOs.

Next, I want to mention the difficulty scientists experience in having their sound scientific ideas and discoveries published in prestigious peer reviewed journals. As noted in Science Was Wrong, Luc Montagnier, a researcher from the Louis Pasteur Institute, had already submitted a professional research article about his work on the HIV virus to Nature but he was not successful in getting it published. These findings were only published after Robert Gallo from the National Cancer Institute agreed to submit the Pasteur team’s research findings to Science magazine, along with his own. As you will see in Science Was Wrong, human motivations such as mountainous egos, greed, power grabbing, politics, religious beliefs, and declarations of impossibility have often suppressed sound scientific ideas.

NEW PAGE: You devote a chapter to Methyl‐Mercury in the Food Chain. What is methyl‐mercury and how does it differ from mercury? What causes methyl‐mercury contamination and why is it dangerous?

KATHLEEN MARDEN: Methylmercury is an organic form of mercury that arises when inorganic mercury is absorbed by small plants and animals in lakes and streams. At each step up the food chain, it accumulates in greater concentrations. So that predatory fish at the top of the food chain can have dangerously high levels of the neurotoxin, 10,000 to 100,000 times greater than the water.

Virtually every state in the United States is at risk for methyl-mercury toxicity. Chronic mercury exposure can have a serious impact upon fertility and the outcome of pregnancy. It interferes with the part of the brain that controls reproduction and results in menstrual cycle disorders. In men organic mercury can cause low sperm count, minor genetic damage, a reduction in libido and impotence. It has also been linked to an increased level of cardiac arrhythmia and heart disease, autoimmune disorders, kidney disease and liver disease in both men and women. In children it has been linked to neurological disorders such as learning disabilities, and at worst, symptoms similar to Cerebral Palsy.

NEW PAGE: Astronomers seem to be a favorite target in Science Was Wrong. Can you give some examples of their being wrong?

STANTON T. FRIEDMAN: Dr. Simon Newcombe, the outstanding 19th century American astronomer, in 1903 wrote “The demonstration that no possible combination of known substances, known forms of machinery and known forms of force can be united in a practical machine by which man shall fly long distances through the air seems to this writer as complete as it is possible for the demonstration of any physical fact to be”.

The Wright Brothers quietly made their first flights 2 months later.

Dr. Alexander Bickerton, a New Zealand Astronomer, at the 1926 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science “proved” there was no way to provide sufficient energy to put anything in orbit around the earth.

There are many satellites.

In a 1941 paper Dr. John Campbell, a Canadian Astronomer, showed that the initial launch weight of a rocket able to send a man to the moon and back would be a million million tons.

The Saturn 5 rocket, weighing 3000 tons, sent 3 men to the moon and back.

The British Astronomer Royal, Sir Richard Wooley, in 1956 said that “Space travel is utter bilge. I don’t think anybody will ever put up enough money to do such a thing”.

Sputnik rose in 1957.

Dr. Carl Sagan claimed there are aliens out there, but not visiting and falsely claimed there are no reliable and interesting UFO sightings.

The data shows the higher the reliability the more likely to be unidentifiable.

NEW PAGE: Stephen Hawking is one of the best known scientists on the planet. Were his comments in April another example of astronomers being wrong?

STANTON T. FRIEDMAN: Very definitely. He was totally unfamiliar with the large scientific studies indicating aliens have been visiting. Furthermore, we are far more advanced compared to the visiting aliens than natives were compared to Columbus. The visitors are much more advanced than we are despite our having weapons of mass destruction, sophisticated reconnaissance systems, space travel and knowledge of nuclear fusion, the energy source of the stars and H bombs. Our first H bomb released the energy of 10 million tons of TNT. We killed 50 million in WW 2. That aliens would send a signal (using Earthling technology) before coming is absurd.

NEW PAGE: Why are you better equipped to deal with topics such as space travel than the professors who claim there is nothing to UFOs or to space travel?

STANTON T. FRIEDMAN: Unlike those quoted above, I have spent decades studying the evidence related to UFOs and deep space travel. I worked as a nuclear physicist on fission and fusion rockets and nuclear power plants for space. I have written or co-authored 5 books about UFOs and have answered thousands of questions after more than 700 lectures and worked under security for 14 years.

The authors, Stanton T. Friedman and Kathleen Marden are among the “who’s who” of their field.

Kathleen Marden is a social scientist, author and educator who has served as the International Director of field investigator training for the Mutual UFO Network. She has appeared in many TV documentaries and in radio programs, and has lectured throughout the United States.

Stanton T. Friedman has appeared on hundreds of Radio and TV programs, including the History Channel, Nightline, Larry King Live, numerous times on Coast to Coast AM, and in many documentary films. He is also the author of Flying Saucers and Science, Top Secret/Majic, and Crash at Corona.

The duo previously collaborated on their best-seller Captured!: The Betty and Barney Hill UFO Experience.

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